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Internet Terms Explained Part 2

We're back to explain more Internet terms. Here is a basic overview of some common Internet terms. In part one we explained upload & download speeds, Mbps, data caps, and ping. Click here to read part one of our Internet Terms Explain.


HTTP is an acronym for "Hypertext Transfer Protocol." HTTP provides standard rules for web browsers and servers to communicate. HTTP pages are stored on computer and Internet caches, so it is quickly accessible. 

HTTPS is the acronym for "Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure," which indicates that the web page has a special layer of encryption added to hide your personal information and passwords from others. HTTPS protocol is best for websites with e-commerce transactions, like online banking or shopping.

Any website where you log in or enter personal information (email, credit card information, SIN, etc.) look for "https" in the URL for security.


URL stands for Uniform Resource Locators. This is the website's address.

URL formats may appear different in the address bar of your browser. For example. when you go to our website, the URL may appear as

citywest.ca or www.citywest.ca

But this is a shortened display version. The full URL is 


If the protocol (HTTP or HTTPS) doesn't appear in the URL, you can copy the URL and paste it to display the entire link to see the protocol type.

IP Address

An IP address is a unique label used to identify one or more devices on a network. 

Your IP address is formatted as a series of four values separated by periods. It could appear like
184.5.634.3 or like 116541.122.95641301010.10845646
Each value ranges from 0 through 255.

Every device that accesses the Internet is assigned an IP address for tracking purposes. It may be permanently assigned, or routinely changed. Your IP address is like a license plate, tracking your accountability online.

Modems & Routers

The modem bridges the gap between your home network and your Internet service provider. It sends, receives, and converts data so you can use the Internet.

The router routes your Internet connection from one physical connection to multiple devices, letting your devices have access to both the Internet and each other. The router also adds protection to your devices because they aren't directly exposed to the Internet.